The people who performed specific roles in the creation of a given sequence or story.
The individual credit definitions specify for which types of sequences a certain credit is required. There are special rules for credits in the Type 'Letters': see Letters and Fan Art.
- Creator names
- First and last names should be used, not initials or simply last names: "Joe Kubert", not "J. Kubert" or "Kubert"
- If the credited name differs from the real name, the pseudonym should be noted in brackets after the full name: "Mike Esposito [as Micky Demeo]".
- If a creator is exclusively credited with the pseudonym, the real name does not need to be recorded: "Frank Quitely" and "Stan Lee" instead of "Vince Deighan [as Frank Quitely]" and "Stanley Lieber [as Stan Lee]"
- In case multiple initials are used they should be separated by spaces.
- If a creator's preferred name is known and it is not their full name or does not conform to standard grammatical naming conventions, then the preferred name should be used: "E. Nelson Bridwell", "KC Carlson", "cat yronwode", "Frank Quitely"
- To determine what creator name should be used, the following was adopted by vote of December 1, 2012:
- If the person is recorded in the current Who's Who, use that name.
- If the person is not recorded in the current Who's Who, but is recorded at Lambiek, use that name.
- If the person is not recorded in either the current Who's Who or at Lambiek, but has a listing in Wikipedia, use the main listing name that corresponds to the language in which the creator's works are most often published, as it appears there.
- If the person is not recorded in any of the above-mentioned sources, further rules shall be determined.
- Short notes about the credit may be used, such as (signed), (adaptation), (page 2), placed in parentheses following the name. The general form for a credit is "Who's Who form" [as "Credited or signed form"] (signed)". For the purpose of crediting roles in the creative process we do not make a distinction between a job title and a credit clarification. When recording such information in the creator fields the earlier decision that 'credit clarifications are not to be capitalized' does hold, i.e. we treat something which could be considered only a job title as a credit clarification and do not capitalize it.
If for a language in which the data is entered a conflicting rule to this style guide exists, the language rule does hold, e.g. in German nouns are always capitalized.
- Credit attribution
- If there is uncertainty about a credit, note it with a space and a question mark after the name.
- If a credit is unknown, enter only a question mark: "?". Do not use "n/a" or leave the field blank.
- If a credit needs elaboration beyond the name of the field, include the job title or role after the name in parentheses.
- If you disagree with a printed credit, index what you think is correct along with "(see notes)" and include the wrong credit and your justification for ignoring it in the notes field.
- Multiple creators are separated by a semi-colon and space. If it is known which pages were done by specific creators, include those pages in parentheses after each name using the terms page, pages, p. or pp.
- The word "various" can be used as a special credit value (similar to typeset) in a credit field for all Types of sequences, when multiple creators, known or unknown, are responsible for work in such a way that listing the creators is not conducive to clarity.
- Creators and studios will be listed individually. For example, Richard Starkings and Comicraft's Dave Lanphear would be listed as "Richard Starkings; Comicraft; Dave Lanphear" and NOT as "Richard Starkings; ? [as Comicraft]; Dave Lanphear".
- If a credit is not relevant, such as the colorist on a black and white story, check the "no credit" box under the category. Do not use "n/a" or "none" or leave the field blank.
- There are a few further specific rules for pencillers, inkers, writers, colorists, letterers and editors.
* Joe Kubert * C. C. Beck * Joe Kubert ? * Gene Colan [as Adam Austin] * ? [as A. Nony Mouse] * Richard Starkings; Comicraft; Saida Temofonte [as ST]; Eric Eng Wong [as EEW] * Diverse Hands; Frank Giacoia; Mike Esposito; Alan Weiss * Vince Colletta; Murphy Anderson (Superman heads) * Jack Kirby (page 1, pages 20-22); Alex Toth (pages 2-19) * Jack Kirby (p. 1, pp. 20-22); Alex Toth (pp. 2-19) * Julius Schwartz; E. Nelson Bridwell (assistant) * Wendy Pini; Richard Pini; Wolfgang Hohlbein (translator) * Stan Lee (plot); Dennis O'Neil [as Sergius O'Shaugnessy] (script) * William Shakespeare (original story); Fred Hembeck (adaptation) * Sam Glanzman [as S. J. G.] (signed) ... real name [as initials] with signature confirmation * Frank Giacoia (see notes) * Sid Jacobson [as Leon Harvey] (credited) ... name of actual creator, with name as credited in comic. NOTE: the following alternate form is also used; both appear to be acceptable per the rules above. * Leon Harvey (credited); Sid Jacobson (actual) ... name as credited in comic with note, followed by name of actual creator with note
Future Data Entry After the Creator Names are fully integrated to the database, along with a method to link their roles to a sequence, credits should be always in the form "Official Name" or "Official Name [as Other Name]".
(end of definition)
Policy Votes Affecting This Topic
http://www.comics.org/voting/ballot/281/ - 2016-03-08
http://www.comics.org/voting/ballot/282/ - 2016-03-08
http://www.comics.org/voting/ballot/285/ - 2016-04-28
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